Stroke is a term used to
describe damage to part of the brain. It occurs when
the arteries of the brain become "blocked"
or "burst", depriving the brain cells of
nutrients and oxygen.
What causes it?
The most common risk factors
for stroke are:
Other medical associated
In 2011, 3,339 registered deaths were due to stroke in Hong Kong, and 51.2% of them were in men.
the common symptoms?
Symptoms of a stroke usually develop
suddenly and quickly without any warning signs. These include:
These symptoms should be regarded
as an emergency. Delay in seeking medical attention can
significantly affect the outcomes and reduce the chances
People with hypertension, smokers and alcoholics are those at high risk of stroke.
What are the complications?
The effects of a stroke
depend on which part of the brain and to what extent
the brain has been damaged. Stroke can be fatal, or
causes permanent disability such as paralysis.
can I prevent it?
You can lower your risk of
having a stroke by keeping your heart and blood vessels
Stroke can be treated by
medication/surgery along with lifestyle changes and
a range of therapies from experts such as nurses,
physiotherapist, speech therapist and occupational
therapist. The choice of an appropriate treatment
is based on the severity of the symptoms, the extent
to which they affect the patient's life, and the presence
of any other medical conditions.
How can I help myself?
To yield satisfactory results
from the rehabilitation program after a stroke, it
is important to comply with the instructions and visit
your doctor and the therapists regularly and have
your condition monitored. You have to take the medication
as prescribed. Never stop taking them on your own.
If you have any suspicions,
you should seek medical advice.
Stroke can be fatal, or causes permanent disability such as paralysis.